Specific Infections Associated with Epilepsy

Epilepsy is said to have an infectious cause if there is proof of a brain infection that leads to seizures. Infection is probably the most common cause of epilepsy worldwide, but is more common in the developing world.

  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Cerebral malaria
  • TORCH infections (toxoplasmosis, other agents, rubella/German measles, cytomegalovirus, and herpes Simplex)
  • Bacterial meningitis
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Authored By:

Judy Gretsch

on Sunday, April 26, 2020

Reviewed By:

Elaine Wirrell MD

on Sunday, April 26, 2020

Resources

Epilepsy Centers

Epilepsy centers provide you with a team of specialists to help you diagnose your epilepsy and explore treatment options.

Epilepsy Medication

Find in-depth information on anti-seizure medications so you know what to ask your doctor.

Epilepsy and Seizures 24/7 Helpline

Call our Epilepsy and Seizures 24/7 Helpline and talk with an epilepsy information specialist or submit a question online.

Tools & Forms

Download our seizure tracking app, print out seizure action plans, or explore other educational materials.

Find an Epilepsy Specialist

Ready for help? Find an Epilepsy specialist who can help guide you through your epilepsy journey.