Specific Infections Associated with Epilepsy
What Is An Infection Associated With Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is said to have an infectious cause if there is proof of a brain infection that leads to seizures. Infection is probably the most common cause of epilepsy worldwide, but is more common in the developing world.
Information About Infections Associated With Epilepsy
- Cerebral malaria
- TORCH infections (toxoplasmosis, other agents, rubella/German measles, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex)- typically acquired during pregnancy and present in very early life with seizures, growth and developmental delay, small head size, cataracts or visual problems, rash and enlargement of the liver
- Bacterial meningitis- may cause seizures during the initial presentation however, seizures often do not persist after it is successfully treated
- Viral encephalitis
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
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