Early diagnosis and treatment of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is extremely important.

  • A traumatic brain injury happens when a person’s brain is physically injured, usually by sudden force.
  • With military members, this injury is usually because of a concussive blast or explosion.
  • Because the damage is internal, there may be no visible head wound.
  • Seizures are described by a sudden change in movement, behavior, sensation or consciousness caused by an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain.
  • Epilepsy also called a seizure disorder is a medical condition that causes seizures affecting a variety of mental and physical functions.
  • When a person has two or more unprovoked seizures, they are considered to have epilepsy.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are important but often times military members tend to under-report mild TBI to avoid removal from combat situations or active duty and go undiagnosed.
  • If you have suffered a traumatic brain injury and think you could be experiencing seizures, you are encouraged to see a medical professional for a proper diagnosis.

There are additional resources to help educate you and your loved one in the military.

  • Contact the Epilepsy Foundation affiliate in your community for local resources.
  • Epilepsy Centers of Excellence (ECoE) are funded by the Veterans Administration (VA) and provide a variety of services including educating veterans and their family impacted by epilepsy about high quality epilepsy care.  You can read more about their services and locate an ECoE in your community by visiting www.epilepsy.va.gov/ecoe.asp.
  • Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Disorder (DCoE) has a wealth of information on their site regarding traumatic brain injury to help meet the needs of military members and their families.  www.dcoe.health.mil.
  • There are more resources available in the online store.  Resources include:
    • Traumatic Brain Injury and Epilepsy Booklet – a pocket-size booklet designed to educate veterans and their families about the relationship between TBI and epilepsy.
    • Traumatic Brain Injury and Epilepsy Bookmark – the bookmark is a handy way to provide educational information about the relationship between TBI and epilepsy.
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