- When performing a corpus callosotomy, the surgeon cuts the corpus callosum, which is the large fiber bundle that connects the two sides of the brain.
- In contrast with lobectomy, corpus callosotomy does not involve removing any brain tissue. Instead, it usually involves cutting the front two-thirds of this bundle (a procedure called a "partial callosotomy") in the hope that the operation will markedly reduce the seizure frequency. Sometimes the other one-third is cut later ("complete callosotomy").
- Corpus callosotomy is most effective for atonic seizures ("drop attacks"), tonic-clonic seizures, and tonic seizures.
- Seizure frequency is reduced by an average of 70% to 80% after partial callosotomy and 80% to 90% after complete callosotomy.
Reviewed by: Joseph I. Sirven, MD | Patricia O. Shafer, RN, MN on 8/2013