Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from children with neurologic symptoms (including febrile seizures and status epilepticus) associated with acute febrile illness revealed enteroviruses (echovirus and coxsackievirus) in a substantial number of patients.106 Whether seizure expression can be directly related to CNS enteroviral infection in adults requires further investigation.

Adapted from: Goldstein MA and Harden CL. Infectious states. In: Ettinger AB and Devinsky O, eds. Managing epilepsy and co-existing disorders. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2002;83-133.
With permission from Elsevier ( 


Reviewed By: 
Steven C. Schachter, MD
Monday, March 1, 2004