CMV can produce an encephalitis complicated by seizures.13 Immunocompromised patients, such as HIV patients, are at particular risk. CMV can be transmitted via blood transfusion or donor organs.

CMV encephalitis can be protracted, but immunocompetent patients recover completely and residual epileptic sequelae are uncommon.

Immunocompromised patients surviving an acute episode can have multiple long-term neurologic deficits, including epilepsy.107

Adapted from: Goldstein MA and Harden CL. Infectious states. In: Ettinger AB and Devinsky O, eds. Managing epilepsy and co-existing disorders. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2002;83-133.
With permission from Elsevier ( 

Reviewed By: 
Steven C. Schachter, MD
Monday, March 1, 2004