Various helminth species can invade the CNS. The most prominent are:


Helminth Disease
 Echinococcus Echinococcosis, hydatid disease
 Taenia solium Taeniasis
 Cysticercus (larva) Cysticercosis
 Angiostrongylus Eosinophilic meningitis
 Strongyloides Strongyloidiasis
 Toxocara Visceral larva migrans
 Trichinella Trichinosis 
 Schistosoma Schistosomiasis


Data from MJ Aminoff, DA Greenberg, RP Simon. Clinical Neurology. Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1996;37; and ML Cameron, DT Durack. Helminthic Infections. In WM Scheld, RJ Whitley, DT Durack (eds), Infections of the Central Nervous System. Philadelphia: Lippincott–Raven, 1997;845–878.
Adapted from: Goldstein MA and Harden CL. Infectious states. In: Ettinger AB and Devinsky O, eds. Managing epilepsy and co-existing disorders. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2002;83-133.
With permission from Elsevier ( 

Reviewed By: 
Steven C. Schachter, MD
Monday, March 1, 2004