Clobazam (KLOH-bah-zam)is the generic name (non-brand name) of the brand-name drug commonly known as Onfi in the United States and Frisium (FRIH-zee-um) elsewhere. Clobazam is a seizure medicine and is available in many countries. In Canada, clobazam is also sold under the brand name Novo-Clobazam.
The first benzodiazepines were synthesized in 1933 and were more fully developed in the 1950s. Clobazam (Frisium/Onfi) was not developed until the 1970s. It has a subtle chemical difference from earlier benzodiazepines used to treat seizures, such as clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), diazepam (Valium), and chlorazepate (Tranxene). This difference may lead to less of a problem with tolerance with clobazam than with other benzodiazepines. Today, clobazam is approved for use in almost all countries except the United States.
Clobazam is sold in the United States as Onfi. Onfi is available in the United States as a 5 mg, 10 mg and 20 mg tablet for oral administration. The highest dose was 20 mg for less than 30 kg body weight and 40 mg for greater than 30 kg body weight. . The name or appearance may differ from country to country, but the dose (measured in milligrams, abbreviated "mg") will usually be the same. In Canada, Australia, the UK, and elsewhere, it is available as a 10-mg white tablet.
How to take and store clobazam
Clobazam tablets should be swallowed whole, followed by at least a half a glass of water.
It's OK to take clobazam either with food or without food. To give it to small children or others who cannot swallow tablets, you can crush it and mix it with a spoonful of soft food such as applesauce, yogurt, or ice cream.
Store the tablets at room temperature in a dry place that is out of the reach of children.
What if I forget?
Ask the doctor what to do if you forget to take a dose. In general, a forgotten dose should be taken right away. If it is almost time for the next dose, just take one dose, not a double dose, and call the doctor's office for more advice.
Do your best to follow the doctor's directions. If you forget doses often, it may be a good idea to get a special pillbox or watch with an alarm to remind you.
Taking the right amount of seizure medicine on time every single day is the most important step in preventing seizures!
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