This section discusses the epidemiology of refractory seizures and then provides in-depth information about forms of epilepsy that are particularly resistant to treatment – infantile spasms, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, Ring Chromosome 20 syndrome, Landau-Kleffner syndrome, and Unverricht-Lundborg disease, one of the progressive myoclonic epilepsies.

Authored By: 
Steven C. Schachter MD
Authored Date: 
Saturday, May 10, 2008