Various helminth species can invade the CNS. The most prominent are:

 

Helminth Disease
Cestodes:
 Echinococcus Echinococcosis, hydatid disease
 Taenia solium Taeniasis
 Cysticercus (larva) Cysticercosis
Nematodes:
 Angiostrongylus Eosinophilic meningitis
 Strongyloides Strongyloidiasis
 Toxocara Visceral larva migrans
 Trichinella Trichinosis 
Trematodes:
 Schistosoma Schistosomiasis

 

Data from MJ Aminoff, DA Greenberg, RP Simon. Clinical Neurology. Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1996;37; and ML Cameron, DT Durack. Helminthic Infections. In WM Scheld, RJ Whitley, DT Durack (eds), Infections of the Central Nervous System. Philadelphia: Lippincott–Raven, 1997;845–878.
Adapted from: Goldstein MA and Harden CL. Infectious states. In: Ettinger AB and Devinsky O, eds. Managing epilepsy and co-existing disorders. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2002;83-133.
With permission from Elsevier (www.elsevier.com). 

Reviewed By: 
Steven C. Schachter, MD
Reviewed Date: 
Monday, March 1, 2004