Epilepsy affects both men and women, but the health, treatment, and impact of having epilepsy will vary depending on gender.

For example...

  • Hormonal changes in a woman may vary throughout the lifespan, as well as during monthly menstrual cycles, and may affect seizure control.
  • Seizures may start, stop, or change at times of puberty, pregnancy or menopause.
  • Some women may have reproductive problems or concerns around menopause that need careful evaluation and treatment by both their epilepsy and women's health providers.
  • The overwhelming majority of women with epilepsy have healthy babies. But women's care during pregnancy needs special consideration to ensure healthy mothers and babies.
  • Some seizure medications have a greater risk of birth defects in the child when the mother takes the medicine during pregnancy. Advance planning before pregnancy can help women get on the best medication before pregnancy.
  • Being a mother with epilepsy often raises unique challenges. Being informed and finding the right parenting skills and resources is a must for any mother.
  • Hormones, seizures and epilepsy can affect bone health too!

Browse around the Information For Women section to get started.

  • Don't forget to Get Help - learn how to manage your epilepsy and find services and support in your area.
  • Click on Connect and join our Community to chat real time or get and give support in our community Forums!
Reviewed by: Patricia O. Shafer | RN | MN on 7/2014